More Positive, Less Punitive: Finding Balance in Humane Law Enforcement

More Positive, Less Punitive: Finding Balance in Humane Law Enforcement

Over the past few years, society has been reassessing their impressions of police.  Such assessments often extend to Humane Enforcement Officers (HEO) who regularly carry out similar duties, may have the same approach (and look) when dealing with the public, and can encounter the same challenges all public safety personnel may encounter.  Effective decision-making becomes essential in carrying out their duties and should replace the inclination of using enforcement as the primary tool. 

This session will explore how HEOs can be more effective in the field by using such concepts as Community Oriented Policing and applying the SARA model in solving problems. We will review research about racial disparities in the enforcement of animal crimes and discuss implications for field work. We will consider national FBI animal cruelty crime data and specifically examine Delaware’s state animal welfare office data and procedures.

Sponsored by Maddie's Fund

• Steve MacKinnon, Maui Humane Society

• Justin Marceau, JD, American Law Institute

• Mary Lou Randour, PhD, Animal Welfare Institute 

This 75-minute session, both live and the recording, has been approved for:

  • 1.25 Certified Animal Welfare Administrator continuing education credit 
  • 1.25 CFRE CE
  • 1.25 NACA CE
  • 1.25 CE towards ACO CE requirements per Ch. 829 of the Texas Health and Safety Code by the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS)

Steve MacKinnon

CEO, Maui Humane Society

After serving in law enforcement for 38 years, including Chief of Police in four cities, Steve MacKinnon combined his love of animals and passion for law enforcement by working as the Chief of Humane Law Enforcement and Vice President of Community response with the San Diego Humane Society.  He has been serving as the CEO of the Maui Humane Society since 2019. Steve holds a Bachelor of Criminal Justice and a Masters of Public Administration. 

​Justin Marceau

Faculty Research Scholar of Animal Law and Policy, Brooks Institute

Justin Marceau is a Professor of Law, the Brooks Institute Faculty Research Scholar of Animal Law and Policy, the Faculty director of the Animal Law Program, and an affiliated faculty member with the Institute for Human Animal Connections at the Graduate School of Social Work. He serves as an inaugural member of the Governor’s Council for Animal Protection, as a member of an oversight committee for the Colorado Bureau of Animal Protection, and he is a Fellow of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics.

​Mary Lou Randour, Ph.D.

Senior Advisor, Animal Cruelty Programs and Training, Animal Welfare Institute

Mary Lou Randour, Ph.D. is a psychologist who leads the Animals & Family Violence Program at the Animal Welfare Institute. She is the author of multiple publications and is one of the primary researchers analyzing animal cruelty crimes in the FBI’s National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS).

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